While it has only popularized in the past five years or so, cannabidiol (CBD) has been researched for decades. Additionally, anecdotal evidence has shown us the possibilities of this hemp-derived compound. The safety profile of CBD has been confirmed through both scientific documentation and personal testimonies.
Unlike THC, the psychoactive compound in cannabis, CBD is non-intoxicating. Instead, CBD presents a number of pharmacological benefits. CBD is being used for epilepsy and seizure disorders, pain and inflammation, and anxiety disorders.
Side Effects of CBD Hemp Oil
It is just as important to know the side effects of a supplement as it is to know the benefits. When we compare research and testimonials, there are similarities between the recorded side effects. Overall, the side effects of CBD are reportedly minor.
In 2011, a review published in Current Drug Safety compared the reported side effects of 132 in vivo and in vitro reports of CBD. The review found that humans tolerate the continuous use of CBD well in both low and high doses. CBD was not found to alter parameters such as heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature or physiological and motor functions. The review concluded that the controlled intake of CBD is safe for humans and animals, but further studies are needed.
In 2017, a review in Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research extended the research of the study published in Current Drug Safety. The review found the most common side effects of CBD to be tiredness, diarrhea, and changes in appetite/weight. The review also concluded that more clinical trials are needed.
Also in 2017, the World Health Organization released a report stating, “CBD is generally well tolerated with a good safety profile.”
So far, the largest CBD study included 261 patients (mostly children) with severe epilepsy that could not be treated with standard medication. Patients received CBD for three months and ten percent of patients reported side effects: tiredness, diarrhea and exhaustion.
Studies focused on the side effects of CBD have small sample sizes and more research is needed. As of now, the anecdotal side effects of CBD are similar to what the research suggests. In higher servings, CBD has been reported to cause drowsiness and digestive upset.
It is also important to look at the other ingredients in a CBD product. Manufacturers may add additional oils (which can lend to digestive upset) and flavoring. Reading labels can help to prevent any additional side effects.
Is CBD Hemp Oil Addictive?
As of now, hemp is a schedule I substance, which, according to the Controlled Substances Act, means it has no therapeutic potential and poses a high risk for dependency. Advocates of hemp are working to remove hemp from the list of controlled substances, for this classification is false. It is well understood that hemp and its derivatives have high therapeutic potential. Additionally, CBD hemp oil is not addictive. In the 2017 report, the World Health Organization states, “To date, there is no evidence of recreational use of CBD or any public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”
Including hemp on the list of controlled substances is detrimental to both the hemp industry and the consumers who use CBD hemp oil to manage their symptoms. We can help by urging our representatives to support the Hemp Farming Act of 2018, which, if passed, would remove hemp from the list of controlled substances.
Purchasing Quality CBD Hemp Oil
When deciding on a CBD hemp oil, it is important to choose from a reputable manufacturer. A high-quality CBD hemp oil will contain less than 0.3% THC and reduce the risk of negative side effects. A trustworthy manufacturer will provide a certificate of analysis (COA), which provides the amount of cannabinoids and other trace compounds present in the CBD hemp oil.
More clinical research is needed to determine the exact side effects of CBD; however, the current information we have concludes that CBD is an overall safe supplement to take. As always, before taking a health supplement it is important to discuss the side effects with your doctor and the potential for drug interactions.
Do you have any additional questions on the side effects of CBD hemp oil? Leave a comment below!